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Legal aid is help towards the costs of legal advice and representation, for those who qualify, paid for out of public funds. It is designed to help individuals on low and modest incomes gain access to the legal system. 


Legal aid may be free, or someone may have to pay towards the cost of their case, for example through paying a contribution or from the money or property that they win or keep as a result of their legal action. Legal aid is accessed through a solicitor.

There are two main types of legal aid help: advice and assistance and legal aid. Together these are called legal assistance.

Advice and assistance covers a wide range of matters, so long as they are matters of Scots law. It pays for advice from a solicitor but, apart from a few exceptions under assistance by way of representation (ABWOR), it will not cover 'representation' – that is, putting the case in court. 

Legal aid provides funding for a solicitor to put the case in court and some tribunals. It covers the preparation work, as well as the hearing itself, and can provide funding for advocates, experts and other costs. (Cases often begin with advice and assistance, and legal aid may be the next step if necessary).

The main types of case that advice and assistance and legal aid can help with are:

How does the legal aid system operate in Scotland?

The Scottish Government decides legal aid policy and the Scottish Parliament makes and changes legislation. The Scottish Legal Aid Board manages the legal aid system in Scotland within the scope of our governing legislation and advises Scottish Ministers.

Legal assistance is available from private practice solicitors, law centres and solicitors employed by SLAB in the Public Defence Solicitors' Office for criminal cases and in the Civil Legal Assistance Offices for civil cases. Private practice solicitors are paid on a case by case basis from public money. Employed solicitors are paid a salary as employees of SLAB. The Legal Aid Fund meets the cost of cases and is uncapped. Funded cases must relate to matters of Scots Law.


Quick links

04, Feb, 2016

Fourth monitoring report on the availability and accessibility of legal services published

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26, Jan, 2016

SNSIAP Update January 2016

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22, Jan, 2016

Recruitment process underway for new board chair and member positions

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14, Jan, 2016

Police station duty scheme update

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18, Dec, 2015

SLAB's annual report for 2014-2015 published

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11, Dec, 2015

Police station duty scheme update

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04, Nov, 2015

SLAB to develop and implement new sustainable accreditation model for advice providers

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30, Oct, 2015

Criminal Courts Practice Note No 3 of 2015 - Sheriff Court Solemn Procedure

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30, Oct, 2015

£7,500 confiscation order against ex-Advocate

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27, Oct, 2015

Conference explores the developing role advice services play in tackling inequalities

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23, Oct, 2015

Success of joint-funding approach sees projects extended into 2016

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02, Oct, 2015

Legal aid review plan published

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30, Jun, 2015

New Parliamentary regulations remove restriction on ABWOR in Double Jeopardy cases

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16, Mar, 2015

Police station duty scheme update

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